Spotted Damba Cichlid (Paretroplus Maculatus)
, native to Madagascar, were once classified as extinct in the wild, but a recent discovery of a small population in Lake Tseny led to their reclassification as critically endangered. Conservation efforts, led by hobbyists and public institutions like zoos, have been actively breeding these cichlids for many years to help preserve the species.
These cichlids are generally peaceful and can coexist with other fish of similar size, although they are best kept alone if the goal is breeding. When breeding is attempted, it's advisable to start with a small group of young fish and allow them to pair off naturally. Paretroplus menarambo are known for their adaptability, but they thrive in warm, alkaline, and moderately hard water conditions.
Their feeding habits involve sifting through sand, so a sandy substrate is recommended in their aquarium. They are not particularly picky eaters and can be provided with a varied diet. Snails are a great treat for this species, as their specialized teeth enable them to consume various snail species, including the Malaysian trumpet snail.